Official Ubuntu Site
Ubuntu is becoming very popular mainly since it is very simple and easy to use. The only obstacle a NEW technology faces is the problem people face in getting acquainted to it.
If you aren’t yet comfortable with Ubuntu, here are some of the basic things that you need to know.
If you are comfortable, good; still, here are some of the basic things that you need to know.
To get started, explore the (System -> Preferences) menu and try changing very basic things like desktop background and screensaver; explore (Places) menu; and explore (Applications -> Accessories) menu which has some really cool features like screenshot and disk usage analyzer.
You would feel the necessity to have a few programs to start-up every time you log-in. Preferable start-up programs are Beryl-Manager, Gaim, Amarok, etc.
Go to (System -> Preferences -> Sessions)
In the tab “Startup Programs”, click on “New” to the right.
Type “Beryl-Manager” as the name for that start-up program and “beryl-manager” as the command for that. Then click “OK”. Similarly other programs can be added at start-up with commands like “gaim”, “amarok”, etc.
By default, Ubuntu doesn’t allow the user to log-in as “root” (administrator). However, some tasks like installation require root privileges.
Click HERE for help on using root privileges.
If while installing Ubuntu, your modem is working i.e. if you are connected to the net, your network connections will automatically be configured. You can also configure it later.
Launch “Network” from (System -> Adminstration -> Network) or left-click on the network icon next to the sound icon in the sessions menu.
Click on “Wired connection” and then on “Properties”.
Choose “Static IP address” , type your network information and click “OK”.
Shift to the “DNS” tab and click “Add” in DNS Servers and add your DNS server addresss.
Go back to “Connections” tab. Remove the tick next to “Wired Connection” and tick it again.
Ubuntu, by default, will come with just a few basic packages. However, a wide range and variety of packages can be installed easily, at any time later to make your system JANG.
Ubuntu packages simply ROCK!!
Here is what I would suggest, to utilize the best of the Ubuntu packages..
- Synaptic Package Manager – One of the coolest features of Ubuntu
- Automatix – Graphical interface for automating the installation of the most commonly requested applications in Debian based Linux operating systems
- Easyubuntu – A package manager with a selection of some useful programs and applications
For those of you who neither have internet connection in your PC nor have CD/DVD package repositories, click HERE
Lex and Yacc:
First of all, the “vi” editor in Ubuntu is not as user-friendly as the “vi” editor in Fedora. So, use the default text editor of Ubuntu, through the command “gedit”. You can also install “emacs” which is an advanced text editor. (You can also use “gedit” text editor in Fedora which is easier to use and which is what I would recommend)
If you haven’t installed the “build-essential”, “flex” and “bison” packages yet, install it from Synaptic Package Manager or give these commands at the terminal:
“ sudo apt-get install build-essential ”
“ sudo apt-get install flex ”
“ sudo apt-get install bison ”
Once they are installed, you can use the commands ‘lex’/’flex’ and ‘yacc’/’bison’.
A word about commands in the terminal: commands and arguments are CASE-SENSITIVE i.e. a folder named “roshan” is absolutely different from a folder name “Roshan”. This is the reason why, by default folder names are in lower-case and most users prefer it that way.
Though you can use the commands “cc”, “lex” and “yacc”, preferably, use the commands “gcc”, “flex” and “bison” since they are superior versions.
Running “.exe” files:
“.exe” files won’t work in GNU/Linux systems by default. To run them, install “wine” from synaptic manager or give this command at the terminal:
“ sudo apt-get install wine ”
Wine can be used to execute most “.exe” files, though not all.
Now, lets install a software through wine.
Google Picasa version for linux doesn’t have web album uploading option as of now. They are still developing it. However, if you feel that web uploading is necessary(like me), then use “wine” to install the windows version of picasa.
So, download the Windows version of picasa HERE
Now, suppose you have downloaded the file in your HOME folder(if not, change directory to that folder in which the .exe file is there before giving this command), give this command at the terminal:
“ wine picasaweb-current-setup.exe ”
Or you can double-click the downloaded file or right-click and “open with wine”.
You can also go to (Applications -> Accessories -> Wine File), browse for the .exe file and open it.
Install Picasa in the folder “/opt/Picasa2”
Now, to run picasa, double-click “Picasa2.exe” in “/opt/Picasa2” or right-click it and “open with wine”, or give this command at the terminal:
“ wine /opt/Picasa2/Picasa2.exe ”
Customizing Main Menu:
Now, that you have installed Picasa2, you would like to have a shortcut to it.
Go to (System -> Preferences -> Main Menu)
Go to “Applications -> Graphics” on the left-side menu.
Click on “New Item” on the right-side.
Choose Type as “Application. Enter Name as “Picasa”, command as “wine /opt/Picasa2/Picasa2.exe” and add a comment if you want saying “The Photo Organizer from Google”. Click on the icon and select it from “/opt/Picasa2/runtime/favicon.ico”. Once done, click “Close”.
You can do a lot more customization in the Main Menu, by selecting and deselecting applications from the menus, by adding and deleting applications(right-click on applicatin and then “Delete”), by creating separators, adding more menus, etc.
Similarly, you can also customize the “System” menu.
Right-click on the top panel.
Here, you get a whole range of options to customize it.
However, theres a much simpler way of adding shortcuts on the panel.
Say suppose you want to add “Search” shortcut on the top panel. Click-and-drag (Places -> Search for Files) and drop it onto the panel. You can place it onto the panel where ever you want and organize such shortcuts.
All drives will be mounted automatically. Click HERE for more information on it.
The usual search feature with a few good options.
You can use have a button or text-based location bar. The text-based location bar is useful to know the path of the drive, while buttons are most user friendly and can be used to jump drives easily, like say from “Madikeri” drive back to “DRV1VOL5” drive.
Checking Dataone Usage using Firefox:
Dataone Broadband users’ statistics could only be viewed in Internet Explorer, as support was provided only for that. However, in Ubuntu, you do not need Internet Explorer.
To check Dataone Broadband Usage statistics using Firefox, download any one of these 2 files.
For more information about this, click HERE
Once downloaded, open the download archive file and “Extract” it. Now, open the extracted folder. Open the “README” file in it and it will guide you.